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Thinking “green” is one of the most popular trends in nowadays. And this is not surprising, since the largest countries are trying to solve climate changes and carbon dioxide emissions issues, as well as eco food production and building constructions in environment safe way. Sustainability is on the same importance line. So the developers, architects, and other involved parties need to think creative and in a long-term, by trying to find the solutions for green building strategies.
There are five different building materials, that specialists found as perspective ones to achieve both – environment friendly and sustainable.
1. Timber structures are one of the first material that comes into minds. It showed and proofed itself already in different ways. And it becomes more stronger, which means the potential to build eco-friendly skyscrapers is now a real possibility for architects. “Timber is not only lighter than steel and concrete, it is also significantly better for the environment. Trees soak up carbon and lock it away, while steel and concrete materials emit carbon into the environment.” (1)
2. Bamboo as fast growing plant has surprisingly high sustainability and it is at least twice as strong as steel. “Bamboo also releases 35% more oxygen when it is growing and absorbs approximately 35% more carbon dioxide than trees, Architectural Digest reports.” (2) When using in a smart way, bamboo is not only strong, but also beautiful material to create bespoke designs.
3. Recyclable materials such as cardboard, plastic bottles and other materials in order to reduce rthe carbon footprint. “The materials can be used on both the exterior and interior of buildings for items such as insulation and carpet. Not only does the material produce less carbon, in many cases it can also be melted down and reused when the need arises — but only once.” (3)
4. Self-healing concrete. New material, that is still under test. At the same time it is very unique, since new technology allowed significantly decrease the carbon emissions by preventing the need for infrastructure improvements and extending the life of a building. Furthermore, it contains bacteria, that heals the cracks. “Tiny capsules of sodium silicate are embedded in the material and rupture when a crack forms. A healing agent is then released from the capsule to fill any voids, TUD reports.” (4)
5. Smart bricks. Scientists are working now on creating programmable bricks, that will be able to extract resources from sunlight, water and air. These kind of “smart” bricks could change the way of living and working quite remarkable. “The bricks are still in the research and design phase, but could represent the ushering in of a new era of sustainable building design once they are rolled out.” (5).
The new generation called “millennials” thinks much further in the future, therefore are much more interested in creating environmental friendly solutions to leave sustainable and viable buildings for next generations.
More information and source here: www.forbes.com
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